The Stonewall riots (also referred to as the Stonewall uprising or the Stonewall
rebellion) were a series of spontaneous, violent demonstrations by members of the
gay (LGBT) community against a police raid that took place in the early morning
hours of June 28, 1969, at the Stonewall Inn in the Greenwich Village
neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City.
They are widely considered to constitute the most important event leading to the
gay liberation movement and the modern fight for LGBT rights in the United States.
Gay Americans in the 1950s and 1960s faced an anti-gay legal system. Early homophile groups
in the U.S. sought to prove that gay people could be assimilated into society, and they favored
non-confrontational education for homosexuals and heterosexuals alike. The last years of the
1960s, however, were very contentious, as many social/political movements were active,
including the Civil Rights Movement, the counterculture of the 1960s, and the anti-Vietnam War
movement. These influences, along with the liberal environment of Greenwich Village, served
as catalysts for the Stonewall riots.
Very few establishments welcomed openly gay people in the 1950s and 1960s. Those that did
were often bars, although bar owners and managers were rarely gay. At the time, the Stonewall
Inn was owned by the Mafia. It catered to an assortment of patrons and was known to be
popular among the poorest and most marginalized people in the gay community: drag queens,
transgender people, effeminate young men, butch lesbians, male prostitutes, and homeless
youth. Police raids
on gay bars were routine in the 1960s, but officers quickly lost control of the situation at the
Stonewall Inn. They attracted a crowd that was incited to riot. Tensions between New York City
police and gay residents of Greenwich Village erupted into more protests the next evening, and
again several nights later. Within weeks, Village residents quickly organized into activist groups
to concentrate efforts on establishing places for gays and lesbians to be open about their
sexual orientation without fear of being arrested.
After the Stonewall riots, gays and lesbians in New York City faced gender, race, class, and
generational obstacles to becoming a cohesive community. Within six months, two gay activist
organizations were formed in New York, concentrating on confrontational tactics, and three
newspapers were established to promote rights for gays and lesbians. Within a few years, gay
rights organizations were founded across the U.S. and the world. On June 28, 1970, the first gay
pride marches took place in New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco and Chicago
commemorating the anniversary of the riots. Similar marches were organized in other cities.
Today, Gay Pride events are held annually throughout the world toward the end of June to mark
the Stonewall riots. The Stonewall National Monument was established at the site in 2016.
Born January 26, 1958, Ellen is an American comedian, television host, actress, writer, producer, and
LGBT activist. DeGeneres starred in the popular sitcom Ellen from 1994 to 1998 and has hosted her
syndicated TV talk show, The Ellen DeGeneres Show, since 2003.
Her stand-up career started in the early 1980s, and included a 1986 appearance on The Tonight
Show Starring Johnny Carson. As a film actress, DeGeneres starred in Mr. Wrong (1996), appeared in
EDtv (1999), and The Love Letter (1999), and provided the voice of Dory in the Pixar animated films
Finding Nemo (2003) and Finding Dory (2016); for Nemo, she was awarded the Saturn Award for Best
Supporting Actress, the first time an actress won a Saturn Award for a voice performance. In 2010, she
was a judge on American Idol for its ninth season.
She starred in two television sitcoms, Ellen from 1994 to 1998, and The Ellen Show from 2001 to
2002. During the fourth season of Ellen in 1997, she came out as a lesbian in an appearance on The
Oprah Winfrey Show. Her character, Ellen Morgan, also came out to a therapist played by Winfrey, and
the series went on to explore various LGBT issues, including the coming-out process. This made her
the first openly lesbian actress to play an openly lesbian character on television. In 2008, she married
her longtime girlfriend Portia de Rossi.
DeGeneres has hosted the Academy Awards, Grammy Awards, and the Primetime Emmys. She has
authored four books and started her own record company, Eleveneleven, as well as a production
company, A Very Good Production. She also launched a lifestyle brand, ED Ellen DeGeneres, which
comprises a collection of apparel, accessories, home, baby, and pet items.She has won 30 Emmys,
20 People's Choice Awards (more than any other person, and numerous other awards for her work
and charitable efforts. In 2016, she received the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
DeGeneres was born and raised in Metairie, Louisiana, to Elizabeth Jane (née Pfeffer), a speech
therapist, and Elliott Everett DeGeneres, an insurance agent. She has one brother, Vance, a
musician and producer. She is of French, English, German, and Irish descent. She was raised as a
Christian Scientist until age 13. In 1973, her parents filed for separation and were divorced the
following year. Shortly after, Ellen's mother married Roy Gruessendorf, a salesman. Betty Jane and
Ellen moved with Gruessendorf from the New Orleans area to Atlanta, Texas. Vance stayed with his
father. On a February 2011 episode of her show, she told her studio audience of a letter from the New
England Historic Genealogical Society confirming she is 15th cousin to Catherine, Duchess of
Cambridge via their shared common ancestor Thomas Fairfax.
DeGeneres graduated from Atlanta High School in May 1976, after completing her first years of high
school at Grace King High School in Metairie, Louisiana. She moved back to New Orleans to attend
the University of New Orleans, where she majored in communication studies. After one semester,
she left school to do clerical work in a law firm with a cousin, Laura Gillen. Her early jobs included
working at J. C. Penney, and being a waitress at T.G.I. Friday's and another restaurant, a house
painter, a hostess, and a bartender. She relates much of her childhood and career experiences in her
DeGeneres started performing stand-up comedy at small clubs and coffee houses. By 1981, she was
the emcee at Clyde's Comedy Club in New Orleans. DeGeneres cites Woody Allen and Steve Martin
as her main influences at this time. In the early 1980s she began to tour nationally, and in 1982 she
was named Showtime's funniest person in America.
Ellen reached its height of popularity in April 1997,
when DeGeneres came out as a lesbian on
The Oprah Winfrey Show. Her character
on the sitcom also came out of the closet
to her therapist, played by Oprah Winfrey.
The coming-out episode, titled
"The Puppy Episode", was one
of the highest-rated episodes
of the show. The series
returned for a fifth season
but experienced falling ratings
due to ABC's cutting back on
promoting the show.[citation
needed] It was believed that
The Walt Disney Company,
ABC's parent owner, had
become uncomfortable with
the subject matter depicted
on the show now that
DeGeneres' character was
openly gay.
In May 1998, Ellen was
returned to stand-up comedy
and later re-established herself
as a successful talk show host.
DeGeneres returned to
television in 2001 with a new
CBS sitcom, The Ellen Show.
DeGeneres launched a
daytime television talk show,
The Ellen DeGeneres Show,
in September 2003. One of
several celebrity-hosted talk
shows surfacing at the
beginning of that season,
including those of Sharon
Osbourne and Rita Rudner,
her show has consistently
risen in the Nielsen ratings
and received widespread
critical praise. It was nominated for 11 Daytime Emmy Awards in its first season, winning four,
including Best Talk Show. The show has won 25 Emmy Awards for its first three seasons on the air.
DeGeneres is known for her dancing and singing with the audience at the beginning of the show and
during commercial breaks. She often gives away free prizes and trips to be in her show's studio
audience with the help of her sponsors.
Ellen launched her lifestyle brand under the name ED by Ellen in the summer of 2015. After her initial
collections, the brand name then changed ED Ellen DeGeneres to incorporate the licensed arm of her
brand. The collection includes apparel, shoes, accessories, pet, baby and home items.
DeGeneres's dog collection at PetSmart was launched February 2017 and a cat line was
introduced later that year.
UNITY COALITION|COALICION UNIDA is the First & Only organization for the So. Fla. Latinx|Hispanic|LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) Community - advancing
Equality and Fairness through Education, Leadership & Awareness since 2002.
UNITY COALITION|COALICION UNIDA es la Primera y Unica organización en el sur de la Florida para la comunidad latinx|hispanx LGBT (lesbianas, gay,bisexual, transgénero)-
avanzando Igualdad, Liderazgo y Conciencia desde el 2002.
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